Child 3 years old - psychology and behavioral patterns
Child 3 years old - psychology and behavioral patterns. What is our baby in 3 years? Why he does not obey? What should I pay attention to?
A child of 3 years lives side by side with his parents ... Sometimes this time flies by quite imperceptibly, and suddenly it turns out: something is missing, they didn’t pay attention to something.
Correcting errors is always more difficult than preventing their occurrence. Therefore, you always need to have an approximate guideline in front of you to control the development process of the baby.
child 3 years
What I can that I can A three-year-old baby is a small personality already beginning to form. He reacts sensitively enough to the attitude and behavior of adults, so any tactical error in his upbringing can turn into a rather serious problem.
If a child has lived for 3 years, obeying a certain regime, you should not change the established order.However, transitions from one regime point to another at this age may be accompanied by a protest, because the baby already has his own ideas about what he will do at the moment. In order to smooth out these situations, it is necessary to prepare the baby in advance for a change of activity, warning him: “now we will play and go swimming.”
When drafting a regime, you should take into account that a child of this age should sleep at least ten at night - eleven o'clock, and in the afternoon - at least one and a half - two and a half. Active wakefulness without signs of overwork does not exceed six and a half hours.
When dealing with a three-year-old child, it must be borne in mind that, due to the peculiarities of the nervous activity of this age, it is difficult for him to quickly switch from one activity to another. Therefore, it is not necessary to rush him and seek the immediate implementation of all requests and instructions. Very often, kids who are being hurried all the time become very slow, because they get used to the idea that everything is too slow.
Most of the three-year-olds have great difficulty with passive, slow-moving activity,in particular, the expectation of something or participation in some procedure, when an adult does everything himself (for example, dressing complicated clothes). In order for the child not to have a negative attitude towards such situations, he needs to be given some tasks, to offer interesting activities.
By the age of three, the child independently performs more and more manipulations with his things, clothes, household items. At this age, such studies cause him genuine interest, and he is ready to show perseverance and perseverance in order to achieve a result. It is very important not to suppress this natural desire for independence, to show patience and not to interfere in the process, because this is the first time a child learns to overcome difficulties. If at this stage an adult takes the initiative, does everything for the child, at a later age it is very difficult to teach a child to work, neatness, and independence. By the age of three, the baby should be able to unbutton the buttons on the shirt or blouse, untie the laces on the shoes, know the order of clothes removal and carefully fold the removed clothes.
In the third year of his little life, the child imitates the behavior and actions of those around him of people.Therefore, the general family lifestyle has a huge impact on the formation of his character and habits.
If a child is 3 years of his life present at family meals, watched the behavior of adults at the table, there are no problems with learning his eating culture. Usually at this age, the baby can wipe the sponge with a paper napkin, put on and take off the cloth, get out of the table, return the chair to its place. At the same time, he already understands the meaning of the words of gratitude and makes active use of them.
By the age of three, the skill of using the pot has been finally consolidated. The kid clearly controls his physiological needs and does not forget to warn adults about the need to visit the toilet.
General hygiene skills are improved: the crumb learns to wash hands with soap, well washes it, wipes his palms with a towel. He remembers that you need to wash the pens after a walk and a toilet and before the meal.
In the third year, there is a tangible leap in the development of active speech: the kid speaks with full sentences, can tell about an event, retell what he heard, learn a short rhymeUsually he already owns all parts of speech, and the vocabulary is about one and a half thousand words.
The development of speech is accompanied by the ability to give simple logical conclusions about the events and his own observations.
The attachment to parents and other family members, there is a conscious feeling of love. Communication with loved ones becomes a huge source of pleasure, joy. More complex emotions develop: the ability to sympathize, regret, empathize.
The normal mental development of the child is inseparable from the physical aspect of education.
There is no limit to the perfection of the body If the child is 3 years old is not constrained in his movements, walked enough, played with his peers, his physical development proceeded naturally. In the third year, significant progress is observed:
- the kid walks confidently, not only on a level, but also on a grassy, rocky path;
- he can climb and slide down the hills;
- well oversteps and jumps over obstacles, jumps from a low height;
- catches the ball with both hands;
All this is facilitated by outdoor games, wearing the right (not constraining) clothing, training with the ball, cycling.Physical development directly affects the character of the baby: he becomes more confident, bolder, smarter, more persistent.
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