Useful tips for the care of the flower pelargonium

Want to decorate the window sill with a bright plant? Then learn how to grow pelargonium. The article describes in detail the basic rules of care.

Short description

Pelargonium is a genus of plants belonging to the family of Geraniahs. In the wild, the flower is found in India and South Africa, and these places are considered to be considered the birthplace. Pelargonium is cultivated in numerous countries, as it is relatively unpretentious and does not require complex care.

The plant can be herbaceous or shrubby, there are many species and varieties, including hybrid: plyuschelistnaya, capitatum, pushistolistnaya, prickly, fleshy and hang-downing, curly, pink, prickly, fragrant, paniculata, royal, vinogradolistnaya, bordered, tulip and many others.

Pelargonium stems can be erect or creeping, usually branchy. The leaves have a palmate, simple or palmate-dissected form, they can be variegated, monophonic or zonal.Smooth or fleecy and terry flowers are painted in a variety of colors, there are also combinations of them. Buds are collected in umbrella inflorescences. The smell is pronounced, due to the presence in the composition of the plant volatile production. By the way, it is used to repel insects. And due to this specific aroma, pelargonium is rarely attacked by pests.

Planting a plant

Pelargonium is best grown in nutrient rich fertile soil, and it should be well drained and be quite loose, breathable. The soil may consist of a mixture of peat, turf land, humus and sand (the proportions will be approximately equal).

For growing it is best to use cuttings, which are taken from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn. And it is desirable to wait for the end of flowering. Rooting takes about a month, depending on the particular variety. Flowering may begin a year after planting, if you create favorable conditions and provide proper care.

Peculiarities of care

How to care for pelargonium? You need to follow a few simple rules:

  1. Watering.The flower in question requires moderate moisture and is drought-resistant, so it is important to control the amount of water. The soil should be wet, but not wet. It is better to underfill the plant than to fill it, since over-wetting the roots can lead to their rotting and death of the flower. In summer, pelargonium is watered daily in extreme heat or every two to three days. In winter, watering should be reduced to limited, its frequency can be two or three times a month, but you should not bring it to full drying.
  2. Home Pelargonium belongs to the light-loving plants, so be sure to take care of sufficient lighting, in which growth will accelerate and flowering will be more abundant. Some varieties are able to tolerate even direct sunlight, but still it is better to create a slight shade in the summertime during the day. In autumn and winter, when the sun is often hidden behind clouds, an additional light source should be organized in the form of a fluorescent lamp.
  3. Temperature mode. Room temperature will be optimal for pelargonium. In the summer, it can vary from 19 degrees to 25, in the winter period it drops to 13-15 degrees, and the decline should be gradual, and it is desirable to start it from the middle of autumn.
  4. Humidity should be moderate or moderate, in addition to increase it is definitely not worth it. It is not recommended to spray the leaves. In general, it is better not to allow water to enter them, as moisture can provoke the development of fungal diseases.
  5. Care includes feeding. Pelargonium needs a regular supply of nutrients, so fertilizers should be applied during the active growing season at least twice a month. It is necessary to carry out top dressing after watering or at the same time with it: the ground should be well moistened. Use any mixture for flowering houseplants. Well, if they contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Potassium and phosphorus allow you to achieve abundant flowering and improve the decorative qualities of the plant. And nitrogen makes more lush and juicy greens. In winter, when peace comes, fertilizers are not applied.

Transfer

Pelargonium grows rather slowly, so a young, actively growing plant will be enough to repot about once every two years. To carry out the "relocation" in a larger pot better before the active growing season and flowering - in early spring.But the capacity should not be too voluminous: there is no need for a flower. Adult Pelargonium can not be transplanted, since the roots have already been completely formed. If, however, they do not have enough space, then move the plant into a large container. Also, transplanting will be required in case of contamination or excessive waterlogging.

Breeding

The reproduction of pelargonium in the home can be done in different ways: by seed, by cutting, by dividing the bush. And if you want to achieve abundant flowering and get a high decorative effect, then use the seeds: the method is not easy and requires time and effort, but the result will definitely please you. The main breeding methods are discussed below.

Cuttings

Cutting is the easiest and most effective method, so it is popular among experienced gardeners and beginners. Cuttings are best separated from the adult bush either in early spring in March, or at the end of summer or the very beginning of autumn. During the flowering period, it is better not to carry out the separation: this may affect the decorativeness of adult pelargonium. You should not breed in winter: at this time, the separated parts contain a reduced amount of growth hormones, because of what will slowly take root.

Cuttings should be taken only from a strong and healthy plant that has no signs of mutations or diseases. The length should be about five to seven centimeters, be sure to have a few leaves. The slice is dried or dried in the open air, then the separated part is placed in the prepared substrate. Growth stimulants can be used to root the process, but this is optional. The soil is watered moderately, the roots appear after a month.

Tip: you can first put the stalk in the water and wait for the first root processes to appear, and then move it to the ground.

Seed use

Seeds are best sown from mid-winter to early spring. They are placed in the soil and sprinkled a little. The soil is moderately moistened, and the container is closed with glass or transparent film. The optimum temperature is about 21-24 degrees. When sprouts appear, periodically water them a little. When leaves are formed, you can dive small bushes. The temperature during this period drops by five degrees. Planting in permanent pots is done in about one and a half or two months.

Division bush

If pelargonium has grown significantly and does not fit in the old pot, you can not just transplant it, but multiply by dividing the bush. After removing the plant from the soil, inspect all the renewal buds: the part that does not have spoiled or decayed buds should be separated. Carefully separate this bush and plant it in a separate container. Damaged areas can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to prevent infection.

Possible problems and diseases

Pelargonium grown at home is rarely affected by pests, but still whiteflies, aphids, mealybugs, ticks, thrips can attack it. If you notice traces of insects (damaged leaves, stems and flowers), immediately treat the plant with an insecticidal agent.

Among the possible diseases, the most common are fungal lesions that occur during infection from diseased neighboring plants or due to waterlogging. If signs of deterioration of pelargonium, such as plaque on the leaves, their fall, a decrease in the intensity of flowering, treat with a fungicide.

With improper care or in adverse conditions, the following problems may occur:

  • Pulling and stripping of the stems begins due to insufficient illumination. Move the pot to a bright place.
  • If the leaves are enlarged and look watery or as if swollen, most likely you have moisturized the soil. Should reduce watering.
  • Have the leaves begun to turn red? Surely pelargonium is in a cold room. It should raise the temperature of the content to the optimum.
  • If the plant does not bloom, the temperature is probably excessively high.
  • The leaves began to fall, dry or turn yellow? The plant simply does not have enough water, it is necessary to increase its volume or frequency of irrigation.

Pelargonium is easy to grow, especially if you know and follow the rules of caring for it.

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